Four Score and Seven Years Ago.

Today marks the 150th anniversary of the Gettysburg Address. Instead of recapping what happened I wanted to share his speech and leave it at that. Then I decided to talk share the five different versions of the speech because why not?

The rest of the post comes from the Abraham Lincoln website.

“There are five known copies of the speech in Lincoln’s handwriting, each with a slightly different text, and named for the people who first received them: Nicolay, Hay, Everett, Bancroft and Bliss. Two copies apparently were written before delivering the speech; the remaining ones were produced months later for soldier benefit events. Despite widely-circulated stories to the contrary, the president did not dash off a copy aboard a train to Gettysburg. Lincoln carefully prepared his major speeches in advance; his steady, even script in every manuscript is consistent with a firm writing surface, not the notoriously bumpy Civil War-era trains. Additional versions of the speech appeared in newspapers of the era, feeding modern-day confusion about the authoritative text.”

Bliss Copy
This version is the most reproduced copy of the speech. It is also the one on the walls of the Lincoln Memorial. Lincoln wrote the speech on both sides of the paper, so it could not be duplicated. It is the last known written copy, and the only one signed and dated by him. It is on display in the Lincoln Room of the White House.

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

Abraham Lincoln
November 19, 1863

Nicolay Copy
Named for Lincoln’s personal secretary, this is to be considered the “first draft” of the speech. The Library of Congress owns this speech.

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that “all men are created equal.”

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle field of that war. We come to dedicate a portion of it, as a final resting place for those who died here, that the nation might live. This we may, in all propriety do.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate – we can not consecrate – we can not hallow, this ground – The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have hallowed it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here; while it can never forget what they did here.

It is rather for us, the living, we here be dedicated to the great task remaining before us – that, from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here, gave the last full measure of devotion – that we here highly resolve these dead shall not have died in vain; that the nation, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

 Hay Copy
This is believed to be the second draft of the speech. Lincoln gave this speech to John Hay, a White House assistant. This copy includes handwritten changes and is also owned by the Library of Congress.

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met here on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of it, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but can never forget what they did here.

It is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they have, thus far, so nobly carried on. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion – that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain; that this nation shall have a new birth of freedom; and that this government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

Everett Copy
Edward Everett, was the chief speaker at the Gettysburg cemetery dedication. In 1864, he asked Lincoln for a copy of the speech to give to Union soldiers, making it the third manuscript copy. The state of Illinois acquired it, where it is preserved at the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum.

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives, that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate – we can not hallow – this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here.

It is for us, the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here, have, thus far, so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us – that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion – that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain – that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom – and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

Bancroft Copy
Historian George Bancroft asked Lincoln for a copy to benefit Union Soldiers. When Lincoln sent his copy, he used both sides of the paper making the manuscript useless for lithographic engraving. Bancroft kept his copy and Lincoln had to produce another one (Bliss Copy). The Bancroft Copy is now owned by Cornell University.

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived, and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives, that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate – we can not hallow – this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us – that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they here gave the last full measure of devotion – that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain – that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

In the words of Robert E. Lee

“The march of Providence is so slow and our desires so impatient; the work of progress so immense andour means of aiding it so feeble; the life of humanity is so long, that of the individual so brief, that we often see only the ebb of the advancing wave and are thus discouraged. It is history that teaches us to hope.”

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AAA: From Sand to Absolutely Nothing

The third day of the road trip back to Nashville started out with a visit to Great Sand Dunes National Park in Colorado. It was about a 45 minute drive from the hotel. We managed to get there before the visitor center even opened, so we just drove down the road. Tara and I saw the sign that said DUNES. Away we went. IMG_4702

Obviously we expected to see sand, but not mounds of it. We started our walk out to the dunes and soon realized it was a little longer than we thought. Thankfully it was a cool morning. In the distance we saw people hiking up the dunes. No thank you, my dog was not up for that.  We did however climb the closest one to us.

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We looked around. It was crazy to see sand dunes one one side and trees and mountains on the other side. We hiked back down and headed over to a teepee made out of wood. It just happened to be hanging out. We also saw some deer tracks, and probably rabbits of sorts. Abbie’s nose was going crazy. We even think we saw bear tracks, but we thought it would be best not to find out. We got back in the car, still before the visitor center opened and drove around. We soon discovered another dirt road, and figured why the heck not. We drove for a little bit until we saw this sign.

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We turned around, went to the visitor center and started the ever so wonderful drive to Kansas.

Horrible. We came across some cowboys doing what they do.

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Just getting cows across the road. No big deal. Our plan was to go to Dodge City, but we somehow missed the sign for that, so we headed on to the Santa Fe Trail Center, but it happened to be closed. We arrived in El Dorado hours later and tired.

Abbie agreed that Kansas was miserable.

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Two days left at this point, and we could not wait to get to St. Louis.

Back to School (Again).

Hopefully for the last time?

Who knows.

There have been a lot of changes going on in my life and I cannot be more excited. I am starting graduate school again, and it is for something new! I will be going to school for my Master of Arts in Teaching at Cumberland University. I just cannot get enough of that place!

No, seriously, I am excited. So excited. I have realized that I miss learning history and sharing it with others. Just ask my Dad. I gave him a whole lesson on Sam Houston along with some of my friends. I was taught well! After I realized nursing was not for me, thanks micro, I tried elementary education, but was not thrilled about screaming kids and runny noses. It really takes a special person, and I know a few of them. I took some education classes in college, but I always wanted more history.. so I just did history. Now, I am back to where I started, well almost. This past week in my internship I have been making new place cards for all the exhibits and telling all the visitors about them. I am a good story teller from what one of them said. I love to talk about history and read about it. I am excited and so are my parents because they both understand my love for this subject and I have great professors to thank! Bell, Cheathem, Inman and Pope!

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Where does this leave me?

Classes start on Wednesday, but I will be taking online classes this fall semester since I am still in San Diego. I am taking one class during the A session and another during the B session. If I stay on track, I will be student teaching come spring 2015 and done with school! Let’s hope I stay on track.

My brother is coming to visit tomorrow!

Nothing New

Tonight not much has happened besides my dive master class getting underway. While I was thinking about something to blog about, I saw Surrounded by Imbeciles post about the categories that are listed on the side of the blog page. Since the creative juices are not flowing tonight, I am going to follow this and see what the first thing I can come up with might happen to be.

101 in 1001 – I really need to update this more often.

Adventure – I am flying back to Nashville on Thursday. Airports are always interesting.

Adventure Across America – Part II will begin at the end of October.

Beach – I have not been in two weeks. Pathetic.

Books – Currently reading some more Hemingway

Concerts – Old Crow Medicine Show on Saturday!

Dogs – Abbie is snoring

Dreams – Had another dream about clowns last night

Family – Seeing them at the end of this week!

Fashion – Pretty pumped about my new shoes, Blu Kicks.

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Fiji – Soon close!

Fishing – Hemingway’s books also talks about fly fishing

Food – Can’t wait until sushi

History – Talked about maritime history in dive master class tonight

Kayaking – Need to go

Movies –  Haven’t been since Top Gun 3D

Museums – Tattoo exhibit possibility

Music – Daft Punk

Nashville – Thursday

Pictures – Sent the shark one to my grandpa

Quotes –  The sea, once it casts its spell, holds one in its net of wonder forever.

San Diego – Amazing

Savannah – Not so much

SCAD – No more school

Scuba – Master Diver!

Sea Life – Shark Week is soon

Shopping – This will be happening in Nashville

Spiritual – I am

Sports – Fall means football in the South

Technology – I am loving my new computer

The South – I miss it

Travel – Everyone should do it

Uncategorized – This post

 

Nine Year Old Kids and Ghosts

Yesterday I spent the night on the Star of India with around 80 nine year old kids.

Talk about a good form of birth control.

There is not much to talk about except I got stuck in a cabin with 5 kids in a room where someone apparently died.

I am sure plenty of people died in that ship.

Anyway, the ghost pushed me out of my bed. Or maybe a kid did to be funny. It wasn’t.

I also had to take those 5 kids and keep an eye on them while we did “watch” duty from 3 am to 4 am.

Maybe this is why I am cranky.

I think the ghost also put something in my food because I keep getting sick.

Besides that adventure, San Diego has not been so sunny.

June gloom.

Of course it is sunny today while I am in bed.

In other news,  I went diving again with the same company. They are great. If any of my readers are ever in San Diego or close by, check them out! SD Expeditions has snorkel tours, guided diving and scuba classes. Just two guys who love to dive and share the love with others. Pardon the hippie phrase. It is true though. I have used the same guy twice and each time he has explained everything in great detail before getting into the water. Next step is wreck diving and I am going to be going with this amazing company!

However, I am still waiting to see a shark!

Adventure Across America

I have made it to San Diego. Sunday will mark my two week mark here in Sunny San Diego.

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I finally have internet today after learning my Mifi is not the best for streaming Netflix. Whoops.

I also uploaded my pictures from across America.

I left Tennessee on May 15 and arrived out here on May 19.

My internship started this week, and it has been good so far.

This post is about the road trip out., in pictures!

IMG_3744My copilot slept most of the way. Rough life.

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Abbie and I could not enter the Oklahoma Bombing Memorial because she is a dog so we had coffee while everyone toured the area. Crazy to think that the following tornados would rip through the state.

IMG_3754This also happened.

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The big cross in Groom, TX

IMG_3774Former classmates at a ghost town.

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Yes. Wagon Wheel

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Abbie made friends at the Coronado National Monument

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I decided not to go through Mexico.

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Overlook in Arizona

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1976 Landcruiser. Yuma, AZ.

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What one does for fun in Yuma.

That is all for tonight. Off to Chicago tomorrow because the big brother is graduating med school!

Hello October

Where is fall? I miss it like crazy!

This past weekend was spent cleaning up Butter Bean Beach on Skidaway Island State Park. Or maybe it was across the river from it. I am not sure.

There was so much trash. It was disgusting and I just honestly could not believe it. I will show you the good pictures from the day.

Dead animal, crab, bottle and pretty sunset

Okay, so that is my only picture. Oh well.

In other news I ruptured my ear drum. Don’t even ask how. I am a klutz. Now I have to make a very important choice. Do I want to continue to scuba dive and take a very great risk on losing my hearing if it were to happen again, or say to heck with it.

I will be doing some very hard thinking and praying, but I will mostly likely follow my gut. Hearing is very important.

At least I won’t have to worry about spending money to maintain my expensive hobby!

I am hoping to have to pretty cool pictures of Tybee Island Lighthouse tomorrow after I do my condition report!

Happy October y’all!